Military Recruitment and Conscientious Objection

A Thematic Global Survey

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Conscience and Peace Tax International (CPTI) was founded in 1994 to work for recognition of the right of conscientious objection to military taxation and for the redirection of military spending to peaceful purposes.  It is incorporated in Belgium with an international board and has Special Consultative Status with the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations.

International Secretariat:  Bruineveld 11,  B - 3010, Leuven,  Belgium.



The research reported in this paper was conducted in 2005 by Derek Brett, representative of CPTI to the United Nations in Geneva, and was funded by a grant from the Joseph Rowntree Charitable Trust.   The Quaker United Nations Office, Geneva, made a substantial contribution to printing costs to allow the production of a longer report than had initially been anticipated.

The researcher also wishes to express his gratitude to the individual donor whose gift to CPTI made possible the travel in the USA during the course of the research; to the staff at the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) for their co-operation in giving him facilities to consult their files; to all those who supplied him with information, particularly to the General Counsel of the Jehovah's Witnesses for sharing with him not only their response to the OHCHR's 2003 questionnaire, but also the supplementary submission they made in 2005, and the evidence they provided to the United Nations Human Rights Committee in respect of the State Report of Greece; and to the various fellow-workers who read and commented on early drafts, above all to his wife, Rachel Brett, who with a subtle blend of encouragement and exasperation prevented him from abandoning the entire project at various points when he began to feel like the Sorcerer's Apprentice!

Further copies of this report may be ordered from CPTI or the author (

Price (postage included):  EURO 10.00,  payable directly to CPTI,  Bank van De Post, Diestsesteenweg, Kessel-Lo, Belgium.  IBAN: BE12 0001 7098 1492     BIC: BPOTBEB1.


$10 by check made out to PTF for CPTI, which may be sent to CPTI, in care of NCPTF,

2121 Decatur Place, NW, Washington, DC, 20008-1923, USA.

May 2006